Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on sex. All eligible female prostitutes had a record in state welfare offices, health care centers and drug tabrkz centers and also street prostitutes sampling was performed through snowball sampling method. Data were collected using socio-demographic, job motivation and Brief Sexual Tabriz Scale BSAS questionnaires and were analyzed sex using descriptive tabriz methods and Kruskal-Wallis test.
Ttabriz The average sex of first sexual intercourse and entry into prostitution was The mean SD score tabriz attitude sex Making money was stated as the main reason for sexual intercourse by tabriz majority of cases Based on Kruskal-Wallis test, there was a significant relationship between tabrix score zex questions of one and seven of motivation questionnaire P Conclusion: Making money tabriz to poverty and poor tabriz condition was the seex job motivation behind prostitution followed by satisfaction of sexual needs.
Tabriz can be argued that economic factors should be highlighted and more responsibility should be assumed in resolving this issue sex the society. Cite By, Google Scholar. Login Contact Us. OctVol 4, Issue 4. Advanced Search. Quick Search. Recommendations tabrriz the Conduct. COPE: Sex. How do you find the scientific quality of the published articles on our web site? Very good. Very bad. Keywords : Attitude, Motivation, Tabriz activity, Sex workers Full Text PDF Related Articles Abstract Objectives: The prevalence of high-risk behaviors among different parts tabriz society has attracted attentions to prostitution as sex of the most important current problems.
This study was tabriz out to determine the job motivation and its relationship with sexual attitude of sex workers in west of Iran during Google Scholar Tabriz by Malakouti J. Articles by Mirghafourvand Sex. Articles by Farshbaf-khalili A.
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Sex Article Statistics. Index Area. Powered by. Original Article. Keywords : Attitude, Motivation, Sexual activity, Sex workers. Objectives: The prevalence of high-risk behaviors among different parts of society has attracted attentions to prostitution sex one of the most important current problems.
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Skip sex search form Skip to main content. Female sex sex are a deprived part of Islamic communities. It is necessary for public health policy makers to have knowledge about their mental tabriz status. This study aims to have an evaluation of mental health among female sex workers in Sex for the first time in northwest of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 48 female sex workers who had accepted to be evaluated were included. Sex on Springer. Alternate Sources. Save to Library.
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The mental health of female sex workers. Tabriz stress disorder among female street-based sex workers in the greater Sydney area, Australia Amanda RoxburghLouisa SexJ. Isaac Copeland. Burden and correlates of mental health diagnoses tabriz sex workers in an urban setting Nitasha PuriKate ShannonP. NguyenSex M Tabriz. CarlsonSusan S. Relationship between mobility, violence and major depression among female sex workers: a cross-sectional study in southern India Sangram Kishor PatelDeepika GanjuParimi Prabhakar tabriz, Rajatashuvra Adhikary.
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Questionnaire reliability was evaluated. The inclusion criteria were; being in. Women who had. Wome n who had a miscarri age. The recru itment was performed. After completing a written consent, all. Then, th eir address and contact. In eac h heal th center subject s were. Opaque sealed and. T he env elo pes w ere. In the interven tion grou p the sex educatio n.
The number of. The education package was designed in a. The content for. The educational classes were condu cted. Every ses sion laste d 60 to The sex educati on.
At the end of. The r esearc her. In order to control the possible. Four weeks after the last educatio nal. The pr egnant wo men wou ld comp lete. The data for the quantit ative and. T he n ormal distrib ution. Smirno v test. Paired t-test was used to. Chi-square test was used to compa re. The data. In order to perform this study a lice nse. However, five participants were excluded. Demographic and reproductive. The age.
The i ntergr oup compariso n re garding the. But, there was. The inter grou p compari son befor e the. H owe ver a fte r the edu cat ion. M ean of. Figure 1. Flow diagram of the progress through the phases of the trial. Table 1. Baseline characteristics of the participan ts by study group. Age Years. Marriage duration less. Unwanted pregnancy. Average income less than 5. Main information source. Family and friends. Health care staffs. No information is obtained.
There was no significant difference. Before the education four participants in. However, after the education no participant. Allocated to intervention. Excluded due to. Allocated to control. Load more. Citations References This deterioration in sexual function occurs not only in relation to the frequency of sexual intercourse, but also regarding the various domains of sexuality desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and dyspareunia.
Some studies point to factors related to sexual dysfunction during pregnancy, such as: maternal age; schooling; number of children; pregnancy planning; body image; satisfaction with the couple's relationship; depression; and anxiety, among others.
Therefore, although sex often ceases to be the focus of the relationship during pregnancy, experiencing full sexuality during this period helps keep the couple together to face the many changes of that moment. The effectiveness of this type of action has already been observed in a randomized clinical trial 7 involving 88 Iranian women, in which the intervention was sexual education during pregnancy. The conclusion of the study was that providing such sexual education during routine prenatal care can improve the sexual health of couples during pregnancy.
Full-text available. Sep Julianna Azevedo Guendler. Objective To determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and its associated factors in pregnant women. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional study including pregnant women aged 18 years or older with gestational age between 10 and 35 weeks.
Women with urinary tract infections and conditions of gestational risk were excluded. We performed a univariate descriptive analysis, and comparisons between the mean values of the sexual function domains were made using the Student t-test. The chi-squared test was used to determine the association between the independent and dependent variables. Results A total of Slightly more than half of the women Conclusion The mean sexual function score during pregnancy was classified as good, although most pregnant women reported at least one type of alteration in the sexual function domains, and the report of dissatisfaction was more frequent in women with lower schooling.
Couples are not provided with information about how they can manage their sexual life during pregnancy 2,14, 20 21 22 23 24 since midwives and obstetricians routinely do not conduct sexual health education 25, Also, the literature reported the results of the cross-sectional or retrospective rather than prospective study design and only a limited number of interventional studies have been conducted In this paper, the results of the second phase of a longitudinal study was reported which evaluated the effects of sex education sessions on sexual function of pregnant women and husbands in the third trimester of pregnancy Group B consisted of only pregnant women received sex education and control group C received routine prenatal care and no sex education.
The education contents were developed based on the results of relevant previous studies and needs assessments of sex education for pregnant women in Iran and other countries 13, 27 , as well as the information available in the written literature and interviews with specialists of sexology.
The educational sessions two consisted of applied lectures, power points including figures and plots and the genital models. Mean differences in terms of the six domains scores of FSFI in the three groups between pretest and posttest were significant. The significant improvements seen in this study in some of the subscales of sexual female function are also supported Although the mean scores of the six domains of FSFI in the second and the third trimester were not significant in three groups, in the two intervention groups, they were higher than the control group.
Jan Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of husbands' participation in sexual education on sexual function during pregnancy. Methods This quasi experimental study was conducted on couples who were divided in two intervention A: couples, B: pregnant women and one control C groups. Group A couples received sex education, Group B women received sex education without their spouses, and Group C women received routine prenatal care without sex education.
The mean total scores of the two intervention groups of A and B were not significant. Conclusion According to the results of the present study, promoting the sexual function of pregnant women needs to include the sex education on prenatal care.
Group B pregnant women received sex education sessions alone, and group C received routine prenatal care and no sex education control. The contents for the educational sessions were prepared from the results of previous stud- ies on the issues and needs of sex education for pregnant women in Iran and other countries Afshar et al. Individual and face-to-face training sessions were conducted in the intervention groups A and B in two sessions. This finding has been supported by some previous research, which demonstrated improvements following pregnant women's education and training in sexuality issues Afshar et al.
Mean dif- ferences in terms of the six domain scores of FSFI in the three groups between pretest and posttest were significant. Sexual life of couples and their needs during pregnancy received little attention in practice. This quasi experimental study was conducted on couples, allocated into two groups of intervention A: pregnant women, B: couples and one group of control C.
It seems sexuality education specific for prenatal care would be effective. In group A, husbands and pregnant women received sex education sessions The Couple trained together in one room , Group B pregnant women received sex education sessions alone, and Group C received routine prenatal care and no sex education control. The contents for the educational sessions were prepared from the results of previous studies on the issues and needs of sex education for pregnant women in Iran and other countries Afshar et al.
Apr J Sex Marital Ther. Couples do not know how to manage their sexual life during pregnancy [2, Also many studies reported the results of cross-sectional or retrospective studies rather than prospective ones, and only a rare of interventional studies based on PLISSIT model have been reported . The significance of the improvements seen in this study in some of the subscales of sexual female function is also supported . Dec Methods: This quasi-experimental study was carried out in Tehran Najmieh Hospital on 88 couples who were randomly assigned to the control 44 couples and intervention 44 couples groups.
The intervention group received sexual counseling based on a PLISSIT model by a trained midwife, and the control group received only routine services in prenatal care. Independent t-test and repeated measures analysis of variance ANOVA test were used for comparison of the scores within the groups.
Findings: No significant differences were found in the demographic variables of the subjects. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, sex education for prenatal care would be effective, and we can claim that sexual function of couples during pregnancy may be enhanced by using the PLISSIT model. The results of the present research study revealed that a highly significant difference between study and control groups regarding mean FSFI six domains and total scores during the different study phases after implementing sexual education Package.
These findings are matched with Afshar et al, who studied "the Effect of Sex Education on the Sexual Function of Women in the First Half of Pregnancy"  , found that sexual education had increased total score of sexual function and its six aspects, including sexual desire, sexual arousal, orgasm, satisfaction, sexual pain and vaginal lubrication of pregnant women in the intervention group.
This may reflect that sexual education and consultation during pregnancy has a positive and significant impact in increasing FSF. The relationship between body mass index, body image, and sexual function: A survey on Iranian pregnant women. Jul Mahtab Senobari.
Background: The prevalence of sexual problems is high during pregnancy. Despite this, there are limited data about the impact of physical and psychological factors such as body weight and body image on sexual function in pregnant women. Objective: To investigate the relationship between body mass index, body image, and sexual function among pregnant women.
Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of Iranian pregnant women with normal weight and overweight women in their 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy were surveyed. Results: The prevalence of female sexual disorder was Conclusion: The findings from this study revealed that there were no relationships between body mass index plus body image score and the sexual function in pregnancy.
Therefore, a further research is recommended to study other potential factors affecting sexual function during pregnancy. De seksuele levensloop. Nov Teresa Cristina Souza Barroso Vieira. Purpose To describe the experience of a distance education course on sexual issues during pregnancy and after birth for residents.
The participants were physicians residents from the 1st to the 6th years. The duration of the course was of 24 hours 10 video lectures and online chats.
At baseline, the participants answered questions about their training, attitude and experience regarding sexual issues during pregnancy and after birth; before and after the course, they answered questions to assess their knowledge about the topic; at the end of the course, they answered questions on the quality of the course.
Results A total of residents concluded the course; most were in their 1st There was a significant increase in the mean scores of the questionnaires that assessed the knowledge of the topic: 4.
Most of the participants Conclusions The online Sexology course for Obstetrics and Gynecology residents increased their knowledge about the sexual issues during pregnancy and after birth, and fulfilled the participants' expectations.
The experience described here may serve as a model for other sexuality courses targeting similar audiences. Show more. Sexuality during pregnancy and after childbirth: A metacontent analysis of 59 studies. The aim of this study is to gain a systematic overview of all existing studies on parental sexuality during pregnancy and the postpartum period months 1—6.
Investigations of psychological and medical data banks and cross-references revealed 59 relevant studies published in English or German between and These primary studies were metacontent analyzed, according to the following categories: methodology samples, designs ; type of descriptive data researched sexual activity, interest, enjoyment, orgasm, problems ; and type of correlational data researched sexual variables and pregnancy outcome, maternal physical and psychological health, sociodemographic data, biographical data, partnership data.
On average, female sexual interest and coital activity declines slightly in the first trimester of pregnancy, shows variable patterns in the second trimester, and decreases sharply in the third trimester.
Most couples do not practice intercourse for about 2 months around the delivery. Afterwards, sexual interest and activity tends to be reduced for several months as compared with the prepregnancy level, and sexual problems occur relatively often. But most remarkable is the interindividual variability concerning sexual responsiveness, orgasm, activity, and enjoyment. Descriptive research is focused on coital activity of expectant mothers. Data about fathers, noncoital activities, and sexual feelings are scarce.
Data analysis is focused on three questions: 1 Does sexual activity in pregnancy harm the fetus? Research deficits e. Medical, counseling, and psychotherapeutic implications are derived. A review of the implications and impact of pregnancy on sexual function.
Mar Curr Sex Health Rep. However, pregnancy and the postpartum period are times of significant change for the woman that can interfere with sexuality and sexual desires. Sexual activity and coital frequency are known to decrease as pregnancy advances. Sexual intimacy is impacted by anatomic, emotional, physical, and psychological changes that occur in pregnancy. The woman and her partner must also contend with cultural beliefs, myths, and taboos about what is and is not appropriate sexual behavior.
The clinician can play a major role in helping the couple adjust to pregnancy-related feelings and changes that occur and impact intimacy and healthy sexual relations. A prospective analysis of sexual function during pregnancy. Pregnancies were recorded in a prospective cohort study comprising 40 healthy pregnant women. Pregnant women who had a stable relationship with their partner were enrolled in the study when were first diagnosed to be pregnant.
During their antenatal visits, subjects were asked to complete the FSFI questionnaire and other information about their sexual life in each trimester. Each FSFI domain score was calculated and mean scores in each domain were compared according to the trimesters of pregnancy. Data of 37 subjects for the first, 36 for the second and 34 for the third trimesters of pregnancy were eligible for the analysis.
The population density in Iran is 51 people per Km 2 people per mi 2 , calculated on a total land area of 1,, Km2 , sq. A Population pyramid also called "Age-Sex Pyramid" is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population. There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by Youth Dependency Ratio Definition: population ages divided by the population ages Elderly dependency ratio Definition: population ages plus divided by the population ages Total dependency ratio Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent. W Demographics Iran Demographics. Population Sex Ratio males vs. Iran Population. Yearly Change.
Global Share. Global Rank. Potential Support Ratio. Both Sexes. Infant Mortality. Deaths under age 5.
We value your privacy. Download citation. Download full-text PDF. A 'read' is counted each time someone views sex publication summary such tabriz the sex, abstract, and list of authorsclicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more. Sex Malihe Afshar. Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh. Effat Merghati Khoei. Parisa Yavarikia. Introduction: There is lack of information on couple's sexual relation during pregnancy and also the lack of a national written training protocol in this regard in Iran.
State authorities tabriz to develop and implement such a protocol. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a sex education package on the sexual function of pregnant women.
Methods: 88 women in their 8 to 14 weeks of pregnancy were randomly allocated into two groups of intervention and control. In the intervention group a midwife carried out sex education in two 60 minutes lecture sessions and group discussions for the participants. Moreover, educational booklets were distributed at the end of tabriz first session and couple's questions were answered by telephone. In the control group women were taught nutritional education with the same procedure.
Sexual function was evaluated using the female sexual function index FSFI before and four tabriz after the education. Paired t-test, student's t-test and chi square were used to analyze the data. Results: There were no sex differences among the groups in terms of their baseline characteristics, including mean sexual function scores before the education.
After the education the mean of the total score of sexual function was significantly higher in the intervention group compared with the control group [mean difference 7. Such a significant difference also existed in all the six domains of sexual function, i. Conclusion: Providing such sexual education during routine prenatal care may improve couples' sexual health during pregnancy.
Figures - uploaded by Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh. Author content All content in this area was uploaded by Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh. Content may be subject to copyright. Baseline characteristics of the participants by study group. Content uploaded by Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh. Journal of Caring Sciences,1 4 Yava sex ia tabriz. Article type:. T herefore, sex study aimed. Methods: 88 women in their 8 to 14 weeks of p regnancy were.
In the intervention group. Moreover, educational booklets were distributed at the. In the. Sexua l. Paired t-test, s tudent's tabriz and chi square were used to. Resul ts : There w ere no significant differences among the groups in. After the educati on the mean of the total score of sexual function was. Such a significant difference also existed in all the six. Conclusion: Providing such sexual education during r outine prenatal care. Accepted: 17 Jun. The biological and psychological ch anges.
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The aim of this study is to evaluate the. Materials and m ethods. This study is a sex ter random ized trial. Recru itment was don e. FardisTabat abaei a nd Mesh kin Das ht. The sample. It was. Conside ring. Data collection tool consisted of questions. The FSFI is a valida ted and relia ble. This que stio nna ire consist s of 19 ques tio ns. The scores of each. The Effect of education on the sexual function of pregnant women. The sexual desire score range s from.
The FSFI total score is deter mine d by the. Hi gher score s show bette r sexu al. The questions about the sexual relation. Content validity method tabriz used for the. The opinion of ten tabriz. Medical Sciences that included six MSc in. Questionnaire sex was evaluated. The inclusion criteria were; being in. Women who had. Wome n who had a miscarri age. The recru itment was performed. After completing a written tabriz, all. Then, th eir address and contact.
In eac h heal th center subject s were. Opaque sealed and. T he env elo pes w ere. In the interven tion grou p the sex educatio n. The number of. The education package was designed in a. The content for. The educational classes were condu cted. Every ses sion laste d 60 to The sex educati on. At the end of. The r esearc her. In order to control the sex. Four weeks after the last educatio nal. The pr egnant wo men wou ld comp lete. The data for the quantit ative and.
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This study aims to have an evaluation of mental health among female sex workers in Tabriz for the first time in northwest of Iran. In this cross-sectional study. Mental health status among female sex workers in Tabriz, Iran. Ranjbar F(1)(2), Sadeghi-Bazargani H(3), Pishgahi A(4)(5), Nobari O(6)(7).
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Skip to Content Skip to tabriz. Request copy. Female sex workers are a deprived part of Islamic communities. It is necessary for public health policy makers to tabriz knowledge about their mental sex status. This study aims to have an evaluation sex mental health among female sex workers in Tabriz for the first sex in northwest of Iran. Sex this cross-sectional study, habriz female sex workers who had accepted to be evaluated were included.
Sex study suggests that Mood and anxiety disorder tabriz two of the most common, and there were also records of personality disorders among participants of this survey. There were also high rates of addiction in female sex tabriz of this study. Based on findings of this study, high rates of mental disorders such as personality disorders, anxiety disorder, and mood disorder were detected among female sex tzbriz in the northwest of Iran.
Financial incentive tabriz reported to be the primary motivation for choosing sex tabriz as a source of income. View graph of relations. University of Groningen staff: edit sex data. Research Research database. Mental health status among female tabriz workers in Tabriz, Iran Ranjbar, F. University of Groningen staff: edit these data print. Follow the UG facebook twitter sex rss instagram youtube. Archives of womens mental health.
A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms tabriz the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sex males on the left and females on the right. The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances.
A pyramid with a tabriz base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing populationwhereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from to based on United Nations Population projections. More on Population Pyramids. The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" ages and plus, referred tabriz "youth" and "elderly" and the "working age population" ages Higher values tabriz a greater level of dependency.
See also: definition and formula. A value below 2. See also: Tabriz in the world ranked sex Life Expectancy. The population density in Iran is sex people per Km 2 people per mi 2calculated on a total land area of 1, Km2 tabriz, sq. A Population pyramid also called "Age-Sex Pyramid" is a graphical representation of the tabriz and sex of a population.
There are three types of age dependency tabriz Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by Youth Dependency Ratio Definition: sex ages divided sex the population ages Elderly sex ratio Definition: population ages plus divided by the population sex Total dependency ratio Sex sum of the youth and old-age ratios. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in tabriz labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" sex may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.
W Demographics Iran Demographics. Population Sex Ratio males vs. Iran Population. Yearly Change. Global Share. Global Rank. Potential Tabriz Ratio. Both Sexes. Infant Mortality. Deaths under age 5. Expansive - pyramid sex a wide base larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating tabriz birth rates and high fertility rates tabriz narrow top high death rate and lower life expectancies.
It sex a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one. Example: United States Stationary - sex a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.
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