Detailed Road Map of Essex
One of the home countiesit borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsfordthe only city in the county.
For government statistical purposes Essex is placed in the East of England region. There are south definitions of the extent of Essex, the widest being the Ancient Countythe more usual being the smaller Ceremonial County and smallest being the administrative county — the area administered by the County Council and which map the two unitary authorities of Thurrock and Southend-on-Sea.
Essex had its roots in the Kingdom of the East Saxonsa polity which is likely to have had its roots in the territory of the Iron Age Trinovantes tribe. Essex corresponds, fairly closely, to the territory of the Trinovantes tribe. Their production of their own coinage marks them out as one of one of the more advanced tribes on the island, this advantage in common with other tribes in the south-east is probably due to the Belgic element within their elite.
The tribe were in extended conflict with their western neighbours, the Catuvellauniand steadily lost ground. By AD 10 they had came under the complete control of the Catuvellauni, who took Colchester essex their own capital. The Roman invasion of AD 43 began with a landings on the south coast, probably the Richborough area of Kent.
After some initial successes against the Britons, they paused to await re-inforcements, and the arrival of the Emperor Claudius. The combined army then proceeded to the capital of the Catevellauni-Trinovantes at Colchesterand took it. Claudius held a review of his invasion force on Lexden Heath where the army formally proclaimed him Imperator. The invasion force that assembled before him included four legionsmounted auxiliaries and an elephant corps - a force of around 30, men.
It was initially the most important city in Roman Britain and in it they established a temple to the God-Emperor Claudius. This was the largest building of its kind in Roman Britain. The establishment of the Colonia is thought to have involved extensive appropriation of land from local people, this and other grievances led to the Trinovantes joining their northern neighbours, the Iceni, in the Boudiccan revolt.
A significant Roman force attempting to relieve Colchester was destroyed in pitched battle, known as the Massacre of the Ninth Legion. The rebels then proceeded to sack London and St Albanswith Tacitus estimating thatpeople killed in the destruction of the three cities.
Boudicca was defeated in battle, somewhere in the west midlands, and the Romans are likely to have ravaged the lands of the rebel tribes,  so Essex will have suffered greatly. Despite this, the Trinovantes identity persisted. Roman provinces were divided into civitas for local government purposes — with a civitas for the Trinovantes strongly implied by Ptolemy.
MiddlesexSussex and Wessex during the Heptarchy. Originally recorded in ADEssex occupied territory to the north of the River Thamesincorporating all of what later became Middlesex which probably included Surrey and most of what later became Hertfordshire. Its territory was essex restricted to lands east of the River Lea.
After the Norman Conquestcounty rather than shire became the more usual term is England's main sub-divisions, but their boundaries and role remained the same.
The invaders established a number of castles in the county, to help protect the new elites in a hostile country. Hadleigh Castle was developed much later, in the thirteenth century. After the arrival south the Normansthe Forest of Essex was established, this was a Royal forest which covered the large majority of the county, map it is important to note that at that time, the term  was a legal term, and that at this stage had a weak correlation between woods and commons sometimes known as 'the vert' and the extent of the forest, most of the Forest of Essex south at that time farmland.
Inthe area "north south the Stanestreet" was disafforested. Before the creation of the County Councils, county-level administration was limited in nature, Lord-Lieutenants replaced the Sheriffs from the time of Henry VIII and took a primarily military role, responsible for the militia and the Volunteer Force that replaced it. South administration was carried out by Justices of the Peace JPs appointed by the Lord-Lieutenant of Essex based upon their reputation.
The JPs carried out judicial and administrative duties such as maintenance of roads and bridges, supervision of the poor laws, administration of county prisons and setting the County Rate. Essex County Council was formed in However, County Boroughs of West Ham —Southend-on-Sea —  and East Ham — formed part of the county but were unitary authorities not under county council control.
A few Essex parishes have been transferred to other counties. Beforesmall areas were transferred to Hertfordshire near Bishops Stortford and Sawbridgeworth. At the time of the main changes aroundparts of Helions BumpsteadSturmerKedington and Ballingdon-with-Brundon were transferred to Suffolk essex and Great ChishillLittle Chishill and Heydon were transferred to Cambridgeshire.
Later, part of Hadstockpart of Ashton and part of Chrishall were transferred to Cambridgeshire and part of Great Horkesley went to Suffolk ; and several other small parcels of land were transferred to all those counties. Essex became part of the East of England Government Office Region in and was statistically counted as part of that region fromhaving previously been part of the South East England region. Inthe boroughs of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock were separated from the administrative county of Essex after successful requests to become unitary authorities numbered 13 and 14 on the map to the right.
Essex Police covers the administrative county and the two unitary authorities. Beforethe council regularly met in London near Moorgatewhich with significant parts of the county close to that point and the dominance of railway travel had been more convenient than any place in the county.
Beforethe number of councillors reached over The County Hall, made a listed building indates largely from the mids and is decorated with fine artworks of that period, mostly the gift of the family who owned the textile firm Courtaulds.
The ceremonial county of Essex is bounded to the south by the River Thames and its estuary a boundary shared with Kent ; to the southwest by Greater London ; to the west by Hertfordshire with the boundary largely defined by the River Lea and south Stort ; to the northwest by Cambridgeshire ; map the north by Suffolka boundary mainly defined by the River Stour ; essex to the east by the North Sea.
The deep estuaries on the east coast give Essex, by some measures, the longest coast of any county. These estuaries mean the county's North Sea coast, is characterised by three major peninsulas, each named after the Hundred based on the peninsula:. A consequence of these features is that the broad estuaries map them have been a factor in preventing any transport infrastructure linking them to neighbouring areas on the other side of the river estuaries, to the north and south.
The county's transport infrastructure is shaped by its physical geography and proximity to London. Together these three influences both stimulate and constrain the Essex economy. A high proportion of the population, especially in the south, work outside the county, commuting to London and elsewhere by rail and by road. These London based jobs are often well essex and complement the contribution made by the employers based within Essex. Industry is largely limited to the south of the county, with the majority of the land elsewhere being given over to agriculture.
Harlow is a centre for electronics, science and pharmaceutical companies. Chelmsford has been an important location for electronics companies, such as the Marconi Companysince the industry was born; it is also the location for a number of south and financial services organisations, and until was the home of the soft drinks producer Britvic.
Debdennear Loughtonis home to a essex facility for British and foreign banknotes. Other businesses in the county are dominated by mechanical engineering, including but not limited to metalworkingglassmaking and plastics and the service sector. Colchester is a garrison town, and the local economy is helped by the Army 's personnel living there.
Basildon is the location of State Street Corporation 's United Map HQ International Financial Data Services, and remains heavily dependent on London for employment, due to its proximity and direct transport routes. Southend-on-Sea is home to the Adventure Island theme park and is one of the few still growing British seaside resortsbenefiting from direct, modern rail links from Fenchurch Street railway station and Liverpool Street station so that housing is in high demand, especially for financial services commuterswhich maintains the town's commercial and general economy.
Parts of eastern Essex suffer from high levels of deprivation; one of the most highly deprived wards is in the seaside town of Clacton.
The Brooklands and Grasslands area of Jaywick was found to be the third-most deprived area in England; two areas in Liverpool and Manchester were rated more deprived. In contrast, west and south-west Essex is one of the most affluent parts of eastern England, forming part of the London commuter belt.
There is a large middle class here, and the area is widely known for its private schools. Much of Essex lies south the London commuter belt. Greater Anglia is the main railway operator in the county, providing commuter services into London Liverpool Street and regional services throughout the East of England.
The main railway routes in Essex include:. Branch lines include:. South Essex Rapid Transit is a proposed public transport scheme which would provide a fast, reliable public transport service in and between Thurrock, Basildon and Southend.
Essex has six main strategic routes, five of which reflect the powerful influence exerted by London. The M25 is Londons orbital motorway which south traffic across the London area.
The A is a major route heading west from the ports of Harwich and Felixstowe Suffolkand like the A12, the route was in use during the Roman period and, in part at least, before then. The Port of Tilbury is one of Britain's three major ports, and has proposed a major extension onto the site of the former Tilbury power stations.
A service to Esbjerg, Denmark ceased in September  and essex a service to Cuxhaven in Germany was discontinued in December The UK's largest container terminal London Gateway at Shell Haven in Thurrock partly opened in November ; final completion date is yet to be confirmed.
The ports have branch lines to connect them to the national rail network. These freight movements conflict with the needs of commuter passenger services, limiting their frequency and reliability. East of the Dartford Road Crossing to DartfordKent, across the Thames Estuarya pedestrian ferry to Gravesend, Kent operates from Tilbury during limited daily hours, and there are pedestrian ferries across some of Essex's essex and estuaries in spring and summer.
London Southend Airportonce one of Britain's busiest airports, opened a new runway extension, terminal building and railway station in March Southend Airport has scheduled flights to Ireland, the Channel Islands and multiple destinations in Europe. Essex has several smaller airfields, some of essex owe their origins to military bases built during World War I or World War II, giving pleasure flights or flying lessons; these include Clacton AirfieldEarls Colne Airfieldand Stapleford Aerodrome.
The pattern of settlement in the county is diverse. The areas closest to London are the most densely settled, though the Metropolitan Green Belt has prevented the further sprawl of London into the county. The Green Belt was initially a narrow band of land but subsequent expansions meant it essex able to limit the further expansion of many of the commuter towns close to the capital.
The Green Belt zone close to London includes many prosperous commuter towns, as well as the new towns of Basildon and Harloworiginally developed to resettle Londoners after the destruction of London housing in the Second World Warsince which they have been significantly developed and expanded.
As map is not far from London map its economic magnetism, many of Essex's settlements, particularly those near or within short map distance of south stations, function as dormitory towns or villages where London workers raise their families. In these areas a high proportion of the population commute to London, and the wages earned in the capital are typically significantly higher than more local jobs.
Many parts of Essex therefore, especially those closest to London, have a major economic dependence on London and the transport links that take people to work there. Part of the southeast of the county, already containing the major population centres of BasildonSouthend and Thurrockis within the Thames Gateway and designated for further development. Parts of the southwest of the county, such as Buckhurst Hill and Chigwellare contiguous with Greater London neighbourhoods and therefore form part of the Greater London Urban Area.
A small part of the southwest of the county Sewardstone is the only settlement outside Greater London to be covered by a postcode district of the London post town E4. With the exception of major towns such as ColchesterChelmsford and Southend-on-Seathe county is rural, with many small towns, villages and hamlets largely built in the traditional materials of timber and brick, with clay tile or thatched roofs.
The Liberal Democrats until had a sizeable following in Essex, gaining Colchester in the general election. But in the general electionUKIP's vote map plummeted by This resulted in Labour regaining second place in Essex, increasing their vote share across the county and cutting some Conservative majorities in areas which had been unaffected by the general electionnamely Rochford and Southend East and Southend West.
In contrast, Thurrock is the most marginal seat. Inthe Conservatives held Thurrock with an increased share of the vote, but a smaller margin of victory. In the Map referendumEssex voted overwhelmingly to leave the EUwith all 14 District Council areas voting to leave, the smallest margin being in Uttlesford.
Discover the past of Essex on historical maps
Welcome to your First bus Essex network map. Here, you can find first bus map in Colchester, Chelmsford essex beyond, in order to plan essex journey across Essex more effectively and in advance. Please use one of the maps below to zoom in on the map you south looking for and see all First bus South routes in the map.
Although we're unable to respond to you personally, we'll use your feedback to help us south a essex website service for you. Please don't include personal details, if you require a response please use our contact form. If you wish to leave feedback that is not website related, please visit essex Tell First Bus survey.
Thank you for your feedback. We use it to make improvements to south website. Could you please take a moment to tell us how map doing? Please choose the essex for your visit to our website: Essex select Journey soouth Ticket prices Purchase tickets Timetables When my next bus ma; arrive Student travel information Mobile App information Local event information An issue with map First Bus service Lost essex Service updates To contact Essex Bus Contactless payments Offers Competition entry General information Something else Xouth satisfied are you with your visit to our website map Please choose a score, ewsex 10 is "extremely satisfied" 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Esex No thanks.
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Please specify a location. Add to favourites. Renting a car, an attractive proposition for the holidays Renting a car Renting a car can be financially advantageous. Check out our car rental service and all its many benefits:. Compare flights with Skyscanner Book your flight ticket Find the right flight ticketat the best price with Skyscanner. Keep in contact Subscribe to the ViaMichelin newsletter To make sure you don't miss the latest news, our good deals and essential traffic updates.
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Although we're unable to respond to you personally, we'll use your feedback map help us deliver a better website service for you. Please don't include south details, if you require a response please use our contact form. If you wish to leave feedback that is not website related, please visit our Tell First Bus survey. Have you been happy with map website experience?
Please choose south score, where map is "extremely satisfied" 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Essex No thanks.
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LO. W. E. R. D. U. N. TO. N. R. O. A. D. LO. W. E. R. D. U. N. TO. N. R. O. A. D. F e n n. C re e k. River Crouch. R iv e r. C ro u c h. River. Crouch. South Essex map - South Essex Michelin maps, with map scales from 1/1 to 1/
Discovering the Cartography of the Past
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Map possible answers. Please specify a location. Add to south. Renting a car, an attractive proposition for the holidays Essex a car Renting a car can be financially advantageous. Check out our car rental service and all its many benefits:. Compare south with Skyscanner Book your flight ticket Find the right flight ticketat the best map with Skyscanner.
Keep in contact Subscribe to south ViaMichelin newsletter To make sure you don't miss the latest news, our good deals and essential traffic updates. Subscribe to the newsletter! Keep in south Don't miss out on news and tips for your map. Subscribe to the ViaMichelin newsletter. Thank you! To soutn your registration, click on the link in the email that we have just sent map.
See you soon! Michelin Travel Partner will process your email address in order to manage your essex to soutth ViaMichelin newsletter. You may unsubscribe at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link included edsex essex newsletter. Find out more about managing essex data and your rights.
Essex - Network Maps
It is dedicated to Elizabeth I, in whose reign the use of maps became more common. The volume that this map is from was meant for presentation to the Queen in kap hope of securing her financial support for the essex. The main difference however between this and the Saxton maps is that this map the road network south indicates the homes of the leading aristocracy and gentry. Roads are shown in beige, clearly linking the settlements, which south shown pictorially and highlighted with a red dot.
London appears in eouth lower left south. This development is significant as it shows the progression from a presentation of the county, to a means to practically navigate it. As a further tool in this endeavour the map is squared off with an Alpha numeric border. Sokth depiction of roads and the orientation grid are derived from German prototypes.
The Elizabethan coat of arms, appears to the map and sea monsters and ships provide decoration. This atlas was first published map a whole in It map of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of Soutu and Wales.
The atlas is of great significance to British cartography as it set a standard of cartographic representation in Britain and the maps remained the basis for English county mapping, with few exceptions, map after During the reign of Elizabeth I, map use became more common, with many government matters referring to increasingly essdx maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques.
Illustrating the increasing use of maps in government matters, Lord Burghley, who had been determined to have England and Wales mapped in detail from the s, selected the cartographer Christopher Saxton to produce a detailed and consistent survey of essex country. The financier of the project was Thomas Seckford Master of Requests at the Court of Elizabeth I, whose arms appear, along with the royal crest, on each map.
Essex Burghley has added several map names to the map. At sputh mouth of the south Blackwater Lord Burghley has also written "Heyghfeld fayre and fatt, Barndon park better than that, Coppledon beares a Crown, Copthall best of all".
The last-named is probably Sir Thomas Heneage's seat, near Epping in. Essexx name of the engraver of the map has not been included but would have been one of a team of seven English and Flemish souuth employed to produce the copper suoth for map atlas.
TThis atlas was first published as a whole in During the essex of Elizabeth I map use became more common, with many government matters referring to map accurate maps with consistent scales and symbols, made possible by advances in surveying techniques.
South, in the form of uniform rounded representations of hills, is the main topographical feature presented in the maps. Rather than provide a map representation of relative relief these give a general impression of the lie of the land.
Settlements and essex buildings are also recorded pictorially; a small building with a spire represents a village, while more important essex, such as Colchester are indicated by groups of buildings. These instructions south show you how to find historical maps online. Getting started Type the place name in the search box to find the exact location.
You can further adjust the search by zooming in and out. Zoom Zoom in and out with sputh buttons or use your mouse or touchpad natively. Exact Area tool Click here and draw a rectangle over the osuth to precisely define the search area. Results See the results of your search on the right side. You can scroll down to find more maps of this location. Essex Parent places: England. Timeline Attributes. Drag sliders to specify date range Essex past today To: map today. Fulltext search: Title: Essex Map scale: mil Search About News Mobile.
Essex 1 eszex Langley's new map of Essex 1 : Ewsex essex of ye county of Essex, with its hundreds 1 : An accurate map of the county of Essex, divided into its hundreds 1 : Essex f. Norden, John. Saxton, Christopher.
Saxton, Essex Ryther, South. Pauls Church Yard. London N. Type xouth place name in the search southh to find the exact location. Zoom in and out with the buttons south use your mouse or touchpad natively. Click here and draw a rectangle over the map to precisely define the south area. See the results of your search south the right side. Download OldMapsOnline Mobile.mom son sex.